
International Journal of Research
and Reviews in Applied Sciences
ISSN: 2076734X, EISSN: 20767366
Volume 12, Issue 3 (September, 2012)
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1. 
COMPLICATED LARGE TIME BEHAVIOR IN POROUS MEDIUM EQUATION WITH ABSORPTIONS 
by Liangwei Wang

Abstract 
In this paper, we investigate the complicated large time
behavior of solutions to the Cauchy problem of porous medium equation with absorptions
when the initial value belongs to a weighted L space.



2. 
GEOMETRICAL RESEARCH OF RARE TYPES OF CYCLIC SURFACES 
by S.N. Krivoshapko & Christian A. Bock Hyeng

Abstract 
This review article is devoted to an analysis of the literature
on the geometric research of cyclic surfaces with generating circles of constant
or various diameters. The review contains the description of 4 subclasses of cyclic
surfaces with the attraction of 23 references, and these are practically all original
sources dealing with geometry of the cyclic surfaces in question.



3. 
CLASSIFICATION OF CYCLIC SURFACES AND GEOMETRICAL RESEARCH OF CANAL SURFACES 
by S.N. Krivoshapko & Christian A. Bock Hyeng 
Abstract 
This review article is devoted to an analysis of the literature
on the geometric researches of cyclic surfaces with generating circles of constant
and various diameters. The shells with cyclic middle surfaces are particularly useful
as connecting parts of pipelines, in spiral chambers of turbines in hydroelectric
power stations, in public and commercial buildings, for example, as coverings of
stadiums, in water attractions, and so on. This review article contains 45 references,
and these are practically all original sources dealing with geometry of canal surfaces
and with classification of cyclic surfaces.



4. 
APPLICATION OF CONSTRUCTION DEMOLITION WASTE FOR IMPROVING PERFORMANCE OF SUBGRADE AND SUBBASE LAYERS 
by Robert M. Brooks & Mehmet Cetin 
Abstract 
The objective
of the paper is to study the feasibility of the application of Construction Demolition
Waste (CDW) for improving the performance of subgrade and susbbase layers in the
highways. CDW (30% by weight) along with a varied percentage of Cement Kiln Dust
(CKD) was added
to a locally available soil.
On this mixture, Optimum Moisture Content (OMC), California Bearing Ratio (CBR),
Maximum Dry Density (MDD), and Free Swell tests were conducted. The results were
analyzed and discussed for the application of CDW for improving the performance
of subgrade and subbase layers in the highways.
When the subgrade
is strengthened with CDW and CKD, and subbase of CDW and CKD is used, for the most
economical pavement design, a reduction of 12 inches of subbase thickness is achieved
while keeping the top two layer thicknesses the same. When the subgrade is strengthened
with CDW and CKD, and subbase of CDW and CKD is used, for commonly used layer thicknesses,
a reduction of 2 inches is gained both in the thicknesses of surface course and
base course.



5. 
TWO METHODS OF ANALYSIS OF THIN ELASTIC OPEN HELICOIDAL SHELLS 
by Krivoshapko & Gbaguidi Aïsse Gérard 
Abstract 
Thin open helicoidal shells are used in machinebuilding
and in civil engineering. The numerical analysis of shell stressstrain state was
fulfilled with the help of RungeKutta method. The analytical asymptotic method
of analysis is presented for thin elastic open helicoidal shallow shells given in
curvilinear nonorthogonal
conjugate coordinates.



6. 
THE SONOCHEMICAL REACTORS WITH SYMMETRIC OSCILLATORY SYSTEMS OF THE ACOUSTIC CELLS 
by Raul Rink, Sergey Shestakov & Viktor Babak 
Abstract 
The description of the reactor
with symmetric oscillatory system of the acoustic cell, designed with application
of mathematical model of multibubble cavitations and theories of similarity of acoustic
cavitational
processes is displayed. The example of the project of the reactor which
will be made for republic
Belarus
is displayed. Is described its comparison with the known from technical and patent
literature analogs of acoustic cavitational reactors suitable for application in
food sonochemistry. The reactor is intended for physical and chemical processing
the ultrasonic cavitations of true and colloidal solutions, and also disperse systems
(emulsions and suspensions) by initiation in them sonochemical reactions and cavitational
erosion of their phases. In addition to these solutions, emulsions and suspensions
in these reactors can be processed chemically pure water and other chemically pure
solvents. In them is the impact on their physicalchemical
state of liquids, the intensification of in them chemical reactions and initiation
of new by changing the dipoledipole and iondipole interactions in their environments and phases, as well as increasing the dispersion of multiphase systems, the destruction
of bacteria and stabilization of their number. It is shown that the proposed
requirements to the size of the solid parts of oscillatory system acoustic cell
cavitations power and performance of the reactor is increases, the cavitation erosion
surfaces of its parts and useless loss of energy
elastic wave is decreases.



7. 
A SIMPLE PROGRAM FOR SOLVING NONLINEAR INITIAL VALUE PROBLEM USING ADOMIAN DECOMPOSITION METHOD 
by F.A. Hendi, H.O.Bakodah, M. Almazmumy & H. Alzumi 
Abstract 
The Adomian method is widely used in approximate calculation, its main demerit is
that it is very difficult and complex to calculate Adomian's polynomials. Many researchers
have suggested different methods and algorithm for computing these polynomials.
In this paper, a mathematica program is prepared to solve the initial value problem
in ordinary
differential equation of the first order. Simplicity and efficiency
of the algorithm presented in this paper are illustrated briefly in the examples.



8. 
A STUDY OF THE INSTANTANEOUS CENTERS OF ROTATION IN SINGULARITIES OF 3DOF FULLY PARALLEL PLANAR MANIPULATORS 
by Soheil Zarkandi 
Abstract 
Finding singular configurations (singularities)
of manipulators is obviously
important, because these configurations are the ones where the instantaneous
kinematics becomes indeterminate. In this paper, singularities of a three
degreeoffreedom (DOF) fully parallel planar manipulator are analyzed with the aid of two Jacobian matrices which are
expressed through instantaneous centers of rotation and it will be shown that how
these centers are located in each type of singularities.



9. 
THE EFFECT OF THERMAL AGEING ON MICROSTRUCTURE AND SOME MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF AL/2.0% GLASS REINFORCED COMPOSITE 
by Ihom A.Paul, Nyior G. Bem & Ibrahim G. Zamanni 
Abstract 
The effect of thermal ageing on microstructure and some mechanical properties of
Al/2.0% glass reinforced composite have been studied. The results
have shown that thermal ageing of the ascast composite has effect on the microstructure.
Precipitates were formed in the matrix of the composite. The precipitates were the
second phase, as distinguished from the aluminum matrix, which was lighter in color.
The ascast composite had a hardness value of 20.1HRB and a tensile strength value
of 217.87N/mm2. After thermal ageing at 150 o C, 170 o C, 190 o C, and 210 o C,
the composite showed
great
improvement in hardness as well as tensile strength.
The highest value of hardness of 35.5HRB and tensile strength of 381.87N/mm2 were
obtained at 190oC, after ageing for 2hrs. The study found that the microstructure
of the thermal aged composite was related to the hardness and the tensile strength
of the composite. The nature of the precipitates formed determined the hardness
and the tensile strength of the composite.



10. 
STUDY OF OPTICAL AND CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC PROPERTIES OF CBD GROWN CDS THIN FILMS 
by Awodugba Ayodeji Oyediran, Sanusi Yekini Kolawole & Adedokun Oluwaseun 
Abstract 
Optimal homogenous cadmium sulfide film was synthesized by chemical bath deposition (CBD) technique using a bath containing cadmium chloride, ammonium chloride, ammonium hydroxide and thiourea. The film was characterized by optical absorption, Xray diffraction and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The film was observed to have an average transmission value of about 67.8% in the wavelength range of 5001100nm and low transmittance near fundamental absorption region. The absorbance of the CdS film was observed to be low in the VIS/NIR regions and high in the UV region. The reflectance is found to be high in the wavelength range of 400550nm and a gradual fall in the reflectance in the wavelength range of 6001100nm. The Xray diffraction (XRD) analysis of the film shows that the CdS film has hexagonal phase with lattice parameter a=b 2.11 Å and c=6.7 Å, polycrystalline with orientation along different planes and crystallite size ranges from 12.9nm to 15.4nm. SEM micrograph of the CdS film describes the formation of holes between the particles indicating large porosity and agglomeration of small crystallites in certain regions. The optical properties and the energy band gap value reported in this work are in agreement with that reported in the literature.




11. 
ABINITIO AND DFT STUDY OF POLYTHIOPHENE ENERGY BAND GAP AND SUBSTITUTIONS EFFECTS

by K. Dguigui, M. El Hallaoui & S. Mbarki 
Abstract 
Polytiophene (PTh) and it’s derivatives are the polymer based materials with a πconjugation
framework. Pth is a useful photoelectric material and can be used in the organic
semi conductor devices, such as PLED, OLED and solar cells. Based on molecular structure
and property relationship (QSPR, QSAR). Pth contain different substituents in position
3 and 4 such as electrondonating or electronwithdrawing groups.
All molecular geometries were optimized at BLYP/631G* level of theory. The energy
Gap Eg between HOMO and LUMO level is related to the π conjugation in the PTh polymer
backbone. In this study, the BLYP/631G*calculations were performed for the nonsubstituted
and 3,4substituted to investigate the stable geometries. The theoretical calculations
show that substituted are stable and have a minor of Eg and have a good agreement
with those of the experimental data.



12. 
THE INFLUENCE OF DIP TIME ON THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF ANTIMONY TRISULPHIDE THIN FILMS 
by M.D. Jeroh & D.N. Okoli 
Abstract 
Thin films of antimony
trisulphide were successfully deposited on glass substrates from an acidic medium
at room temperature using chemical bath deposition technique. The thickness of the
films was obtained from surface profile analysis using a Dektak Stylus surface profiler.
The thickness of the films obtained in this research
lies between 0.5μm and 1.0μm
depending on the dip time. Optical characterization was performed on the films using
an AVASPEC2048 UVVISNIR spectrophotometer in the wavelength
range of 200900nm.
The effect of dip time on the optical properties such as transmittance, reflectance,
absorbance, optical conductivity, refractive index, extinction coefficient and dielectric
constant was reported. It was observed from our findings that dip time has a considerable
effect on each of the optical properties studied. The band gap energy of the films
was observed to decrease from 1.80eV to 1.40eV as dip time increases from 12hrs
to 48hrs respectively.



13. 
THE IMPORTANCE OF GEOLOGICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL EXPLORATION COSTS IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF HYDROELECTRIC DAMS: COMPARATIVE EXAMPLES IN MEXICO 
by Adolfo Vázquez Contreras, Moisés Dávila Serrano, Rafael Acosta Quevedo & Juan Sánchez Pérez 
Abstract 
Geological and geophysical exploration activities ofHydropower
dams’ are analyzed in a qualitative and semiquantitative basis. Information about
an underconstruction hydro dam is included as well. Considered activities are those
from feasibility and design support stages. Mexico biggest dams geological exploration
works and their associated costs are reviewed and their impact on their construction
and safety. Big dams finance underpinning depends on good hydroenergetic assessment
besides an
accurate geological model obtained before construction activities begin.



14. 
ACCELERATION CHARACTERISTICS OF VEHICLES IN RURAL PENNSYLVANIA 
by Robert M. Brooks 
Abstract 
The objective
of the paper is to
determine the acceleration characteristics of vehicles in rural
Pennsylvania. The floating car method was used to observe the acceleration characteristics
during overtaking maneuvers. The acceleration characteristics from rest were observed
manually. Various acceleration values for different vehicles were determined. The
maximum value of acceleration observed was that of SUVs and the minimum value of
acceleration observed was that of buses.
A comparison of
observed passing sight distances on a two lane highway in rural Pennsylvania with
that of AASHTO was made. The observed passing sight distances were shorter by 18%
and 8% at 35 km/h and 85 km/h design speeds.
This is because at lower design speeds, the observed acceleration was higher.



15. 
SELECTIVE TRYPANOCIDE ACTIVITY OF SOME SUBSTITUTED THIOSEMICARBAZONES OF CITRAL FROM BENIN CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS ESSENTIAL OIL AND THEIR TOXICITY AGAINST ARTEMIA SALINA LEACH 
by Amoussatou Sakirigui, Salomé D.S. Kpoviessi, Fernand Gbaguidi, Cosme Kossouoh, Joanne Bero, Joelle QuetinLeclercq, Mansourou Moudachirou, Jacques Poupaert & Georges C. Accrombessi 
Abstract 
Extraction
and analysis GC/FID and GC/MS showed that citral (neral + geranial) is the major
compound of the essential oil of Benin Cymbopogoncitratus. This aldehyde was used
as target for the hemisynthesis in situ of the semicarbazone and substituted thiosemicarbazones.
Their structures were confirmed by spectrometric analysis IR, 1H and 13C NMR. Their
antiparasitic activities have been evaluated on Trypanosomabruceibrucei by determining
their halfinhibitory concentrations (IC50). Among them, citral 4phenyl3thiosemicarbazone
(IC50 = 1.96 µM) and citralthiosemicarbazone (IC50 = 7.6 µM) showed a strong trypanocidal
activity. Citral 2methyl3thiosemicarbazone (IC50 = 60.87 µM) showed
a moderate activity. Citral 4methyl3thiosemicarbazone (IC50 = 172.84 µM) and
citralsemicarbazone (IC50 = 234.64 µM) were less actives. Toxicity test
against Artemiasalina indicated that citral 4phenyl3thiosemicarbazone is the
most toxic compound (LC50 = 70.70 µM). The toxicities of other compounds are low.
Citral 4phenyl3thiosemicarbazone could have excellent anticancer properties.
The selectivity index calculated from these data showed that all the molecules obtained
are selective about the parasites Trypanosomabruceibrucei.



16. 
FACTORS INFLUENCING STUDENTS’ CHOICE IN PURSUING TO HIGHER INSTITUTIONS: A FUZZY SET OPERATION APPROACH 
by Daud Mohamad, Aidatulsima Abdullah, Siti Shafiqah Razali & Suhaila Zulkifli 
Abstract 
Choosing a suitable higher institution for
pursuing students’ education is inevitably important. Many factors have to be considered
so as to optimize the favorable environment of the students stay and learning. The factors are normally subjective
in nature and difficult to evaluate tangibly. Fuzzy set theory is one of the approaches
that can be used to cater this difficulty. In this paper, we evaluate and rank the
main criteria that preferred by students in making their decision in choosing a
university in Malaysia to pursue their study. Those criteria are reputation, location,
programs offered, fees, size of university, scholars and loan, intake regulation,
campus facilities and campus environment. A questionnaire is distributed using convenient
sampling to a group of students and their responses are analyzed using fuzzy set
operation. The method used is simple and applicable to the problem.
It is found that the fee is the most considered criteria by students when
choosing the university and the campus environment as the last criteria in the ranking.
This investigation gives useful information as an input to strategize university
planning in promoting and attracting more students to enroll at their university
besides improving the service quality to the students.



17. 
INVESTIGATION OF SUBSURFACE LITHOLOGY AND PROLIFIC AQUIFER USING VES IN EDJEKOTA, DELTA STATE NIGERIA 
by Emmanuel Chukwuemeka Okolie & Ogheneovo Akpoyibo 
Abstract 
Geophysical investigation
of subsurface lithology and aquifer distribution was done using Schlumberger array
in Edjekota, Ughelli North LGA of Delta State This community is prone to annual
flooding resulting in massive deposition of materials over many years thereby creating
problem of potable water. This problem of potable water has increased in recent time due to increase in population density, petroleum exploration activities and
spillages along the creeks. Thus, ten Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) were made
using Schlumberger array in Edjekota Delta State to obtain geophysical field data
in order to investigate the occurrence of groundwater in relation to the depth and
thickness of viable aquifer. The field data measured from SAS 1000 terrameter were
plotted in a bilog graph to obtain sounding curves. The curves were analyzed and
iterated. The qualitative results showed that Edjekota has homogeneous subsurface
stratification with AAK, KHAA, AKHA and KQHQ curve types. The generated geoelectric
sections have five to six sublayers to a depth of over 70 m with hugh loose sand
deposits beneath in Edjekota. Although water seems to be everywhere in Edjekota,
prolific aquifer is within 30 – 50 metres.



18. 
ANALYSIS ON DEFORMATION BEHAVIOUR FOR PURE COPPER PROCESSED THROUGH EQUAL CHANNEL ANGULAR PRESSING DIE 
by Raj Mohan R., R.Venkatraman & S. Raghuraman 
Abstract 
Equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) is a feasible
forming technique to process the material through a die without a change in cross
sectional area of sample. The current work has been carried out to identify the
deformation behavior of pure copper and its flow behavior along the die using ANSYS
V12. The Analysis is carried out for different channel angles of 90˚, 110˚ and 120˚
for different hydrostatic pressure conditions. The results show that deformation
along the die during pressing is inhomogeneous for various channel angles under
different hydrostatic pressure conditions. Total displacement of sample during pressing
decreases with increases with channel angle.



19. 
TORQUE RIPPLE MINIMIZATION, SUPPRESS HARMONICS, AND NOISE OF BRUSHLESS PM SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS DERIVED BY FIELD ORIENTED CONTROL 
by Hamdy Mohamed Soliman & S. M. Hakim 
Abstract 
Conventional
field oriented control for brushless PM synchronous motor depends upon mathematical
model so the parameters variations, noise, electromagnetic interface, nonsinusoidal
flux and harmonics in the motor or in power converter will cause
performance deteriorating of the drive system. They are causing speed oscillations,
ripples in torque, ripples in current and an increase the total harmonics distortion
(THD). This paper is addressed these problems and suggested novel two PI
controller for solving these problems. One for the torque and the other for the
flux. The first PI controller is feeding from the torque error between the reference
and estimated torques to get new qaxis current component representing modifier
current arises from uncertain things such as earliest problems. This current will
add to reference qaxis current to get robust new qaxis current to satisfy the
drive requirement and solve the torque problem. With robust current, the total harmonic
distortion is a decrease but doesn’t
reach the best value so the other PI controller is used to adjust the THD. In this
PI controller, the daxis flux is compared to rotor permanent magnet flux to solve
this problem arises from nonsinusoidal of the magnetic flux. The output of the
PI controller is introduced to the reference daxis current. The new daxis current
will reach the best value of THD. The simulation of the proposed controller is compared
to the simulation of conventional controller to show the advantages of the proposed
controller. To display the effectiveness of the second PI controller (flux controller),
the result of the new controller is displayed with new PI torque controller only
and with new two proposed controller. MATLAB SIMULINK is used to simulate the drive
system.



20. 
A NEW APPROACH OF ITERATIVE LEARNING CONTROL STRATEGY TOWARDS TUNING OF PI CONTROLLER IN A SPHERICAL TANK LEVEL PROCESS 
by S. Sathishbabu & P.K. Bhaba 
Abstract 
This paper provides
the design and implementation of an Enhanced Iterative Learning control Strategy
(EILCS) in a spherical tank level process. The dynamics of the process are described
by differential equation and worst case model parameters are identified by influencing
the step test technique.
By means relay feedback technique, the periodic reference
signal is generated and utilized as the input of EILCS loop.
From the input and output chattering signals of the EILCS, optimized PI controller
parameters are identified using Recursive Least Squares (RLS) fitting technique. The simulation results are furnished
to illustrate the effectiveness of proposed method. Robustness is also analyzed.



21. 
COMPARISON OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC BEHAVIOUR OF THREE BRACEDS BRBF, CBF, Chevron 
by Mostafa Gholami, Hamid Reza Naseri & Mohammad Givehchi 
Abstract 
Considering permanent earthquake outbreak risk construction
resistant structure is one of the most important parts of structure engineering.
In this part main attention is pay to lateral load bearing systems. Braced frames
are one type of the most famous lateral load bearing systems that use very broadly
in
Iran
. Purpose of this research is comparing three kind of braced frames. In Thus BRBF,
CHEVORN and CBF have been compared in relation to dynamic and static behaviours
by ABAQUS software and limited components method. In order to do this first some
laboratory samples of different braced frames were modelled and analysis by software
and its ability to offer acceptable result was ovulated with comparing of laboratory
results. Then limited components model of three kind braced frames was built and
non linear static analysis load and non linear dynamic analysis was done on them
result were driven in from force – move
diagrams and behaviour of three kind braced frames were compared .Resulted indicated
that BRBF in relation to energydepreciation and general behaviour are very better
than other two kind and increase resistance of frame against lateral loads .



22. 
CHIRAL CHANGES ON RATIO OF THE COMPRESSIONAL VELOCITY TO THE SHEAR VELOCITY FOR THE DETERMINATION OF EARTHQUAKE MAGNITUDES THROUGH HIGHFREQUENCY ENERGY RADIATION: APPLICATION TO THE FEBRUARY 27, 2010 CHILE EARTHQUAKE AND JAPAN EARTHQUAKE ON MARCH 11, 2011 
by H. TorresSilva & D. Torres Cabezas 
Abstract 
In this short paper,
we define and determine the connection between an electromagnetic chiral theory
and the Hara’s relation (highfrequency energy radiation from the arrival time of
a Pwave) under a chiral approach. We consider the possibility that gravity breaks parity,
with left and right handed gravitons coupling to matter with a different
Newton
’s constant and show that this would affect the earth dynamics and induce strong
earthquakes.
This theory allows to determine
chiral changes
on ratio of the
compressional velocity to the shear velocity for the estimation of earthquake magnitudes.
Through measurements of highfrequency energy radiation, it is possible to determine
the amplitude of the strong earthquakes in
Chile
and
Japan
.



23. 
FIXED POINT THEOREM IN FUZZY METRIC SPACE FOR SEMICOMPATIBLE MAPPINGS 
by V.H. Badshah, Arihant Jain & S.K. Prasad 
Abstract 
In this paper,
the concept of semicompatibility and weak compatibility in Fuzzy metric space has
been applied to prove a common fixed point theorem. We improve the result of Kumar
and Pant [14] by dropping the condition of continuity of the mapping and using semicompatibility
and weak compatibility of the mappings in place of compatibility.



24. 
THE PROPERTY (E.A.) AND THE FIXED POINT THEOREM IN FUZZY METRIC 
by V.H. Badshah, Arihant Jain & S.K. Prasad 
Abstract 
In this paper, we prove a common fixed point theorem for semicompatible and occasionally
weakly compatible mappings in Fuzzy metric space using the property (E.A.) and implicit
relation. Our result generalizes the result of Singh and Jain [14].



25. 
THE INFLUENCE OF ANGLE OF INTERNAL FRICTION ON EMBEDMENT DEPTHS FOR CANTILEVER SHEET PILES 
by Shodolapo Oluyemi Franklin & Abiodun Luqman Olopade 
Abstract 
The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of the angle of internal friction on the embedment depth with reference to cantilever sheet piles in cohesionless soils. Two design approaches were employed towards this end, namely the conventional CECP2 method and the limit state design approach of BS8002, and the results of both codes have been compared and contrasted. It was found that in general the embedment depth decreases with increase in angle of internal friction, ϕ. For the two design methods it was observed that with increase in ϕ the difference in embedment depths given by both codes reduces, and at a high ϕ value of approximately 35^{o}, the difference was practically zero. Furthermore for all values of ϕ below 35^{o}, the BS8002 estimates of embedment depths were higher than that given by CEC



26. 
ADSORPTION DESORPTION FOR SOME HEAVY METALS IN THE PRESENCE OF SURFACTANT ON SIX AGRICULTURAL SOILS 
by Rounak M. Shariff & Lawen S. Esmail 
Abstract 
The present work investigate the effects of surfactant on the sorption of some heavy metals as Zinc, Nicle and Copper at different initial concentrations on six selected soil samples through batch equilibrium experiments. The pHadjusted for each metal has been varied from 3 to7. Linear, Freundlich and Langmuir models were used to describe the sorption processes. The sorption data fitted very well with both Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm model which gave high correlation coefficients. Freundlich coefficient K_{F} values for adsorption process varied between 1.582  2.121 mlg^{1}, 1.781 2.054 mlg^{1} and 1.291 1.958 mlg^{1} for Zinc, Nicle and Copper respectively. Langmuir coefficient K_{L} values for adsorption process varied between 0.012  0.029 mlg^{1}, 0.017  0.057 mlg^{1} and 0.008 0.021 mlg^{1} for Zinc, Nicle and Copper respectively. The pseudo second order kinetic model was most agreeable with the experiments. An inionic surfactants sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) at critical micelles concentration (cmc ) were tested for their adsorptiondesorption potential, was found to be fairly effective to removal of more than 61, 64, and 68% of sorbed metals Zinc, Nicle and Copper respectively. The Freundlich coefficient for desorption processes K_{Fdes} values varied between 1.637  1.944 mlg^{1}, 1.652 2.311 mlg^{1} and 1.546 2.304 mlg^{1} for Zinc, Nicle and Copper respectively. Langmuir coefficient K_{Ldes} values for desorption process varied between 0.025  0.080 mlg^{1}, 0.083  0.117 mlg^{1} and 0.041 0.222 mlg^{1} for Zinc, Nicle and Copper respectively.


