Academic Research Publishing Agency Press
International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
ISSN: 2076-734X, EISSN: 2076-7366

Volume 27, Issue 2 (May, 2016)

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1. TIME-DELAYED ANALYSIS OF UNIVERSITY R&D FUNDS DERIVING REGIONAL ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SICHUAN PROVINCE OF CHINA
by Long Xia, Peng Yan & Long Han Wu
Abstract

In view of the facts, there is little research about R&D expenditure of higher education on regional economic growth difference and the time lag. So the paper uses the time shift theory to build the model. It is a time lag analysis model based on grey relative correlation degree. Secondly, the paper studies R&D expenditure of higher education on economic growth influence and the time lag. Thirdly, the R&D expenditure structure for regional economic growth difference is further discussed. Lastly, the paper puts forward reasonable suggestions to R&D expenditure structure of higher education.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
May 2016-- Vol. 27 Issue 2 -- 2016

2. THE APPLICATION OF MODIFIED DELPHI METHOD AND AHP TO ANALYZE THE INFLUENTIAL FACTORS OF LEADING VEGETARIANISM TRENDS IN TAIWAN

by Chih-Yao Lo, Chia-Yang Huang & Chiao-Jou Huang

Abstract

 According to the statistics from Common Wealth Magazine, the populations of vegetarians in Taiwan were about ten percent of populations, which was ranked as the second place in the world. To follow the prosperous trend of vegetarianism, many restaurant enterprises tried to find new managing strategies and changed their model of management and ingredients according to the main factors which led to the trend of vegetarianism. The development of vegetarianism diet may possibly come from religious obedience, from health pursuing or from environmental protection or other various aspects of factors. Therefore, this research was eager to search for the influential factors of leading vegetarianism trends and the relative statistics about the possible factors. In addition, under all possible considerations of resulting in the vegetarianism trends, we tried to analyze the most important factors for people in Taiwan to choose to be vegetarians as a way for their daily eating habit.

To define the reasons to cause the trend of vegetarianism, this research collected both quality and quantity data from domestic and foreign essays and periodicals. Then we used the questionnaire of Modified Delphi Method to collect the opinions from experts to build the basic structure of analytical hierarchy. From the analytical hierarchy structure, we could learn the possible factors for leading the trend of vegetarianism. After finishing the questionnaire of Modified Delphi Method, Analytical Hierarchy Process was applied to find out the relative statistics between factors and finally did the consistency test and arrangement for the importance rank.

The research results showed that the possible factors for leading the trends of vegetarianism in Taiwan were religious factor, health factor, environmental protection factor, mental factor. The results of this research could offer government administration, school lunch nutrition management, vegetarian restaurant enterprises, and individual diet preference selection to use as reference resources for their policy advocacy, research resource, and for people getting to know the new eating life style in Taiwan.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences 
May 2016-- Vol. 27 Issue 2 -- 2016

3. ARE THERE SOME LOOPHOLES IN EXPERIMENTAL BIOSCIENCES? THE LESSONS FROM BENVENISTE’S EXPERIMENTS
by Francis Beauvais
Abstract

The case of the “memory of water” was an outstanding scientific controversy of the end of the twentieth century which has not been satisfactorily resolved. Although an experimenter effect has been proposed to explain Benveniste’s experiments, no evidence or convincing explanation supporting this assumption have been reported. One of the unexplained characteristics of these experiments was the different outcomes according to the conditions of blinding. In this article, an original probabilistic modeling of these experiments is described that rests on a limited set of hypotheses and takes into account measurement fluctuations. All characteristics of these disputed results can be described, including their “paradoxical” aspects; no hypothesis on changes of water structure is necessary. The results of the disputed Benveniste’s experiments appear to be a misinterpreted epiphenomenon of a more general phenomenon. Therefore, this reappraisal of Benveniste’s experiments suggests that these results deserved attention even though the hypothesis of “memory of water” was not supported. The experimenter effect remains largely unexplored in biosciences and this modeling could give a theoretical framework for some improbable, unexplained or poorly reproducible results.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
May 2016-- Vol. 27 Issue 2 -- 2016













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