Academic Research Publishing Agency Press
International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
ISSN: 2076-734X, EISSN: 2076-7366

Volume 16, Issue 2(August, 2013)

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1. ADOMIAN DECOMPOSITION METHOD AND TAYLOR SERIES METHOD IN ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
by José Albeiro Sánchez Cano
Abstract

In this paper, it is revealed that Adomian decomposition method corresponds to Taylor series method when applied to the solution of nonlinear initial value problems, in the following sense: the Adomian´s polynomials can be obtain trough Taylor coefficients.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

2. OPTIMAL CONTROLS OF A GENERALIZED MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR TUMOR ANTI-ANGIOGENESIS

by Yang Li & Hongwei Lei

Abstract

We describe optimal protocols for a more general mathematical model for tumor anti-angiogenesis for the problem of minimizing the tumor volume with an a priori given amount of vessel disruptive agents. Based on the biological results of [1, 2, 3], we will consider a modified model. We get the optimal control solution with singular arc for the new model.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences 
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

3. BIOMETRIC SOLVENCY RISK FOR PORTFOLIOS OF GENERAL LIFE CONTRACTS (IV) LONGEVITY RISK STOCHASTIC DYNAMICS
by Werner Hürlimann
Abstract

Longevity risk applies to the class of insurance contracts contingent on survival of the insured live with negative sums at risk, as typically encountered in life annuity products. For a portfolio consisting of a single cohort of immediate life annuities with annual benefit payments of fixed amount, the Solvency II standard approach prescribes a target capital, which only depends on the time of valuation and not on the cohort size. In fact, our analysis shows that the current QIS5 specification applies to the systematic risk component of longevity risk under the assumption of a cohort of infinite size. Important elements like process risk and related cohort size are not taken into account. Moreover, parameter risk, understood as uncertainty in the life table parameters, is not dealt with explicitly in QIS5. The present contribution offers a comprehensive integrated model for full coverage of the longevity risk components and compares it to the QIS5 standard.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

4. GEOMETRY OF JENSEN’S INEQUALITY AND QUASI-ARITHMETIC MEANS
by Zlatko Pavic
Abstract

The paper observes the basic properties of convex function in the discrete and integral case. The connection of convexity with quantity centers is identified in the discrete case. The relation between barycenters and integral arithmetic means is studied in the integral case. The inequalities for quasi-arithmetic means are observed in both cases.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

5. ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF POSITIVE SOLUTIONS FOR AN ELLIPTIC SYSTEM
by Luanxi Yue & Xiaodan Wei
Abstract

In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of positive solutions of the Neumann problem for an elliptic system, which arises in the diffusive predator-prey model in the strong-predator case. The main result also implies the uniqueness of positive solutions when some parameter is small.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

6. INDONESIAN TO GORONTALO TEXT TRANSLATOR
by Rahmat Deddy Rianto Dako, Wrastawa Ridwan & Rahman Taufiqrianto Dako
Abstract

The objective of this research to design an Indonesian-Gorontalo text translator software. This application is the first Indonesian-Gorontalo text translator which applied the rule-based method. This method is one of machine translation method which applies language knowledge. Rule based approach is used to handle the differences between Indonesian and Gorontalo’s grammar. Basicly,the differences between Indonesian and Gorontalo grammar’s rules are in time rule and subject agreement which influence verbs in active sentences. The other differences are in form of phrase where in Indonesian has two words but in Gorontalo language has formed one word.

The designed translation’s system could translate Indonesian text to Gorontalo text wherethe average error is 28.15%.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

7. A NINTH-ORDER NEWTON-TYPE METHOD TO SOLVE SYSTEMS OF NONLINEAR EQUATIONS
by Xiaowu Li, Zhinan Wu, Lin Wang & Qian Zhang
Abstract

In this paper, modification of Newton’s method with ninth-order convergence is presented. The modification of Newton’s method is based on Darvishi and Barati’s third-order method. The new method requires three-step per iteration. Analysis of convergence demonstrates that the order of convergence is 9. Some numerical examples illustrate that the algorithm is more efficient and performs better than classical Newton’s method and other methods.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

8. A CHARACTERIZATION ON INCLUSION OF BLOCKS
by Xiaoyou Chen
Abstract

See full text for Abstrat.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

9. BAYESIAN EQUILIBRIUM STRATEGIES OF n CLASS OF CONSUMERS
by Zhang Hailong & Ai Kefeng
Abstract

Nonlinear pricing is a pricing method that the consumers pay the total price of a commodity or service which is not linearly proportional to the purchase of the total quantity. After generalizing the type of consumers' demand and combining with the actual situation, this paper designs a nonlinear price mechanism game. According to detailed simplifying and reasoning the constraints, we derived the Bayesian equilibrium strategy of this game. Under the condition of incomplete information, we know the seller how to obtain the maximum benefit of optimal price plan. Finally we compared it with the Nash equilibrium which is under the complete information.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

10. EXACT TRAVELLING WAVE SOLUTIONS FOR THREE NONLINEAR EVOLUTION EQUATIONS BY A BERNOULLI SUB-ODE METHOD
by Chengbo Tan & Qinghua Feng
Abstract

 

In this paper, based on a proposed Bernoulli sub-ODE method and with the aid of mathematical software Maple, we derive some new exact travelling wave solutions for the (3+1) dimensional Jimbo-Miva equation, SRLW equation and generalized Burgers equation. These solutions are of new forms so far in the literature.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

11. FIXED POINT THEOREMS IN FUZZY METRIC SPACE VIA ABSORBING MAPPINGS
by Arihant Jain, Mamta Singh & Suhaila Aziz
Abstract

In this paper, the concept of absorbing maps in fuzzy metric space has been introduced to prove common fixed point theorems. Our results extend, generalize, fuzzyify several fixed point theorems on metric spaces, Menger Probabilistic Metric spaces, Fuzzy metric spaces as well as the result of Singh et. al. [11] and many. We also cited an example in support of our result.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

12. COMMON FIXED POINT THEOREMS IN FUZZY METRIC SPACE USING COMPATIBLE MAPPINGS OF TYPE (A-1) OR (A-2)
by Arihant Jain, Mamta Singh & Suhaila Aziz
Abstract

In this paper, the concept of compatible maps of type (A-1) or type (A-2) in fuzzy metric space has been introduced to prove common fixed point theorems which generalize the results of Cho [1].  We also cited an example in support of our result.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

13. WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT AND HYDROCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GROUNDWATER IN PUNJAB, PAKISTAN
by Mona A. Hagras
Abstract

Water quality is the critical factor that influence on human health and quantity and quality of grain production in semi-humid and semi-arid area. To assess the quality of groundwater and to characterize the hydrochemical characteristics of the groundwater in Punjab Pakistan, groundwater samples were collected from different cities of Punjab Province and analyzed for 28 water quality parameters. Groundwater suitability for domestic and irrigation purposes was assessed by using WHO and USDA standards. The study yielded that in most of Punjab province area the groundwater samples are suitable for irrigation and agriculture purposes.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

14. ROLES OF CLAY AND CONCRETE IN ISOLATING HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE IN VERY LONG HOLES
by Roland Pusch, Mohammed Hatem Mohammed, Jörn Kasbohm & Sven Knutsson
Abstract

Groundwater flow transports possibly released radionuclides from underground repositories to the biosphere. It can also make construction difficult as is obvious from examining technical solutions for disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in long subhorizontally bored holes (KBS-3H) and in very deep boreholes (VDH). The presence of intersected, water-bearing fracture zones requires concrete for sealing these parts of the holes while the rest contains canisters surrounded and separated by dense, expandable clay. Casting of the concrete should be preceded by grouting of the fractured rock using cementitious materials composed so that mutual physical and chemical interaction do not degrade either of them. For the sake of rock stability the horizontal holes have to be located at very moderate depth, 400-500 m, where the rock has a high average hydraulic conductivity, while the slimmer, steep holes reaching down to 4 km are kept stable by using clay mud in the construction phase and dense clay for long term performance. The rock at this depth is much less permeable than higher up and the groundwater sufficiently salt to be maintained there, causing only local thermally induced circulation of possibly contaminated water. The KBS-3H concept involves practical difficulties and risks in the installation of the clay seals and waste canisters, for which the risk of shearing by slip of frequently intersected steep fractures is a major threat after closure of the repository. The VDH concept relies on effective sealing of the upper part of the deep holes and puts less demand on the seals in the lower, waste-bearing part, for which the buoyancy conditions of the groundwater make it a major barrier to upward migration of possibly released radionuclides.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

15. ANALYSIS OF MULTI CYLINDRICAL SHELLS ADAPTED WITH RETAINING WALLS
by Ali Majidpourkhoei
Abstract

Retaining walls are used to retain earth or other materials which have the tendency to slide and repose at a particular inclination. They provide lateral support to the embankment or other materials in order to hold them in a vertical position. As against equal forces shells are less thick in comparison with flat slabs, their application is economical regarding consumptive materials, so in this research in order to reduce consumptive materials, multi cylindrical shells are adapted with retaining walls and calculation and analysis of one kind of new lightened retaining wall is proposed. To analyze shell structures, there are different theories. The application of these theories depends on geometrical shape, shell quality, shell usage, boundary condition and enforced loads. To analyze and calculate lightened shell retaining wall, equations are required which should both present the mechanical behavior of the shell with required exactness and also be solvable mathematically. To attain this goal, the method proposed in this research can be applied. In solving the problem formed of multi cylindrical shell with slabs, engineering mechanics combined principles are used and the equations of bending theory of cylindrical shell are adapted with retaining walls. Generally, in this paper the analysis method of lightened retaining walls consisted of multi cylindrical shells are presented.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

16. EFFECT OF WATER EXTRACTS OF SEAWEEDS ON THE GROWTH OF SEEDLING ROOTS OF BUCKWHEAT (FAGOPYRUM ESCULENTUM MOENCH)
by Mikhail M. Anisimov, Anna V. Skriptsova, Elena L. Chaikina & Aleksei G. Klykov
Abstract

Effect of water extracts of red algae Grateloupia divaricata, Chondrus pinnulatus, Ahnteltiopsis flabelliformis, Neorhodomela larix, Tichocarpus crinitus, of brown algae Stephanocystis crassipes, Coccophora langsdorfii, Sphaerotrichia divaricata, Saccharina japonica, Sargassum pallidum, Chorda filum, and green algae Ulva fenestrata and Codium fragile on the growth of seedling roots of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum varieties Izumrud) was screened. It was showed that low and ultra-low (from 10-3 to 10-14 g of dried seaweeds per mL of distillated water) concentration of aqueous seaweed extracts may stimulate roots elongation of the buckwheat seedlings. The most perspective for use as biostimulants are red algae Ahnfeltiopsis flabelliformis, Neorhodomela larix, and brown alga Stephanocystis crassipes. Extracts of these algae in a studied range of concentrations increased  growth of the seedling roots in maximum by 16, 20 and 15 % over control, respectively. The extracts of the other examined algae showed a weak or no stimulatory effect on the growth of seedling roots. The dose-effect curves of the majority of tested seaweed extracts were bi- or polymodal.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

17. ENTREPRENEURSHIP INDICATORS WITH AN EMPHASIS ON GLOBAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP MONITOR
by Zahra Arab & Javad Sofiyabadi
Abstract

Concentration on increasing the entrepreneurial development programs implementation needs a comprehensive Pattern to measurement the components of entrepreneurial roadmap Implementation. This surveys can shoed the effect of this components on micro & macro economic structure. The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the entrepreneurial indicators of Iran & OECD member countries based on Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM). This paper survey the components like,” Established Business, Early- stage entrepreneurial Activity (TEA), Nascent Entrepreneurship, New Business Ownership (entrepreneurial activities indicators), Fear of Failure, Entrepreneurial Intention, Perceived opportunities, Perceived Capabilities (entrepreneurial perceptions indicators)” based on GEM information (2011), for finding meanings relationship of these indicators by Structural Equation Model (SEM). The result show meaningful relationship between entrepreneurial perceptions and entrepreneurial activities.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

18. BIOSORPTION OF COPPER (II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING CITRUS SINENSIS PEEL AND WOOD SAWDUST: UTILIZATION IN PURIFICATION OF DRINKING AND WASTE WATER
by Saman Khan, Abida Farooqi, M. Ihsan Danish & Akif Zeb
Abstract

Excess of copper (>2 mg/L) in drinking water is significantly toxic to human being and ecological environments. Various treatment technologies for copper removal from industrial and municipal waste water effluents has been investigated in past. In the present study batch biosorption studies were carried out for the adsorption of Cu by using natural cheap agrowaste such as peel of Citrus sinensis and wood sawdust for the removal of Cu from aqueous solution. The effects of contact time, pH, concentration and dosage on the removal of Cu have been studied. Results indicated that contact time of 60 min is sufficient to achieve equilibrium at different concentrations. Determination of Cu was done using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy and characterization of the agrowaste materials was done using FTIR. The peak percentage adsorption of Cu was attained at pH 6.5. Study reveals that peel of Citrus sinensis has good copper removal capacity than wood sawdust. peel of Citrus sinensis can reduce levels to 0.1ppm and wood sawdust can reduce copper up to 1.18 ppm which is less then permissible limit for copper in drinking water, i.e. 2ppm.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

19. IR INVESTIGATIONS OF HIGH ENERGY 197Au IMPLANTATION IN GaAs
by B.D. Sutar, V.V. Bhide, K.V. Sukhatnakar, M.M. Belekar, D. Kanjial & A.M. Narsale
Abstract

We report the annealing studies of the near and mid IR investigations of single crystal semi-insulating GaAs substrates of <100> orientation, having 400 mm thickness that were implanted with 197Au ions at an energy of 100 MeV to a dose 1×1014 ions/cm2. The sample was isochronally annealed for 10 minutes in nitrogen ambient in the temperature range 100-600 °C with a step of 50 °C by using the RTA system. The dependence of the optical density (ax) versus photon energy on annealing temperature, for the sample implanted is reported. The investigations have been compared with similar study of 70 MeV 56Fe implantation in GaAs. The results indicate that these annealing stages are independent of the amount of damage or that of implanted ion and its energy.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

20. ENHANCING MANUFACTURING PERFORMANCE STRATEGY WITH ERP SIMULATION MODEL
by Fekry Olayah, Essa Hezzam & Ahlam Shamsan
Abstract

This paper discusses and modifies the development of conceptual models that could be used in the creation of supply chain project and suggested new conceptual ERP simulation model. It will be considered the traditional supply chain simulation and modified. In addition it will show the relation between ERP as a simulation model, supply chain and business strategy. Finally, describe the impact of ERP conceptual simulation model in enhancing manufacturing performance strategy.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013

21. QUALITY CONTROL AND RADIATION DOSE RATES MEASURMENT FROM DIAGNOSTIC X-RAY EXAMINATION AT DIFFERENT PLACES OF HOSPITALS IN SULAIMANIA
by Kharman Akram Faraj,Runak Tahr Ali &Alan Othman Saeed
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to measure the dose rates of X- ray at radiographer’s place, directly door of x-ray room, waiting room during X- ray imaging, fluoroscopy and quality control test for radiographic facility with visual inspection at 4 hospitals in Sulaimania city. The results show that the facilities for safety did not exist in all hospitals. High dose rates were recorded for x-ray and fluoroscopy in most of the hospitals. At the end of our work at each hospital the responsible of the department informed about the results at all places.

Source: International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences
August 2013 -- Vol. 16 Issue 2 -- 2013













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